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7.6.2017 Around 3,000 people suffered casualties in 205 attacks across Afghanistan in May, with one-fifth of the assaults happening in Kabul
Around 3,000 people suffered casualties in 205 attacks across Afghanistan
in May, with one-fifth of the assaults happening in Kabul. The statistics
indicate a 58 percent increase in attacks and a 39 percent spike in
casualties in May, compared to the previous month. Based on different
sources of information, Pajhwok reports show the insurgents carried out
armed attacks in 29 of the country’s 34 provinces last month. During the
month, 102 face-to-face clashes, 40 targeted attacks, 22 airstrikes, 32
explosions and nine suicide attacks took place. Of every 19 casualties, 10
resulted from direct engagements, two from airstrikes, five from suicide
assaults and one from targeted attacks and blasts. Pajhwok reports show 31
or most of the attacks in May occurred in Nangarhar, followed by Kandahar
where 26 attacks took place. There were 12 attacks in each Farah, Faryab
and Helmand provinces, 10 in each Ghazni and Herat provinces, nine in each
Logar and Uruzgan provinces, seven in Zabul, and six in each Badakhshan,
Kabul and Kunar provinces. Five attacks happened each in Laghman and
Maidan Wardak provinces, four each in Jawzjan and Kunduz, three each in
Badghist, Baghlan, Khost, Paktia, Paktika, Parwan, Samangan and Tahkar,
two each in Balkh, Ghor and Kapisa and one in Sar-I-Pul. Pajhwok received
no report of violence from Daikundi, Bamyan, Nimroz, Nuristan and Panjsher
provinces in May and April. A Wolesi Jirga member, Abdul Jabbar Qahraman,
believed the high number of attacks in Nangarhar province could be linked
to the presence of both Taliban and Daesh (Islamic State (IS) militants
there. Another reason may be that Nangarhar shares a border with Pakistan.
Militants on both sides could cross the Durand Line, the public
representative argued. The legislator accused the Pakistan government of
supporting militant groups in Afghanistan. He claimed Pakistan could
easily assist militants in the Afghan provinces bordering that country.
Casualties Reports show 97 people suffered casualties daily or four people
suffered casualties every hour during the month. At least 1,449 people were
killed and another 1,550 were wounded in 202 attacks last month. The
victims included militants, Afghan forces and civilians. But Pajhwok does
not release exact casualty figures because different sources provide
different accounts. Most of the attacks took place on May 16, but the
deadliest day was May 31 when 569 people were killed and wounded. To be
specific, 90 people were killed and 460 others wounded in a truck suicide
bombing in the Wazir Akbar Khan diplomatic quarter. Also a defence
analyst, Qahraman sees many factors behind the war in Afghanistan. With
the available resources, he said, the government was unable to control the
situation. He said the government needed to improve the capacity of its
military, particularly intelligence network, so it could thwart attacks
like the one in Kabul and other parts of the country before they were
executed. After Kabul, Kandahar, Nangarhar and Uruzgan witnessed the
second highest number of casualties. The smallest number of incidents took
place in Sar-i-Pul, Parwan and Balkh provinces. On average, 15 people were
killed or wounded in each attack in May compared to 17 in each incident
during April. Qahraman said a fierce guerilla and intelligence war was
ongoing in Afghanistan. The rise and fall in casualties was tied to
fighting tactics, he maintained. A Pajhwok report says October was the
deadliest month of 2016, but the fatality rate had been on the decline
since December. Casualties once again increased after December, 2016.
Dawlat Waziri, spokesman for the Ministry of Defense (MoD), acknowledged
an uptick in fighting and casualties. Asked how long the casualties would
continue to rise or how the violence in Afghanistan could be curbed, he
responded the secrutiy forces were confidently fighting against militant
groups but pressure on Pakistan was essential to stop backing rebel
groups. “The international community, particularly the United States,
should pressure the states, particularly Pakistan, that are aiding
militants in Afghanistan. Pakistan is obviously providing safe havens for
the militants fighting in Afghanistan,” Waziri claimed. He added the
global fraternity, including the Muslim world, should raise their voice
for peace in Afghanistan and take practical steps in the regard. Waziri
told the Taliban the war offered no solution and that was why should
follow in the footsteps of Gulbadin Hekmatyar, leader of Hezb-i-Islami
Afghanistan (HIA) who has signed a peace deal with the Ghani
administration. He said the Taliban should stop killing Afghans and work
for the development of the country. Abdul Jabbar Qahraman asked the
Afghans to stand united for peace. With one voice, he suggested, the
Afghans should ask the International community, the United Nations and the
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to either help them achieve peace
or kill them all at a time to rescue them death on a daily basis. Agree on
peace This is also the voice of those who lost their near and dear ones to
the war. Zabihullah, 11, is a resident of the Dokan village of Pushtrod
district in western Farah province. His father was killed in a roadside
bombing. He wants the warring parties to stop fighting and make peace.
Forced to support an eight-member family at this tender age, he desires
peace and hates. He does not want more children to be orphaned like him.
Ahmad Zubair, hailing from central Parwan province, is another teenager
who lost his father to a suicide attack while teaching. He is yearning for
peace and stability in the country. The 18-year-old said he was worried
about daily atrocities, suicide bombings, killings and attacks. The young
man fears he would also lose his life one day to a similar incident. 

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